The Functions of Management

The management of any business entity comes as one of its fundamental
pillars. It has a bearing on the sustainability of the business entity
both in the short-term and the long-term as it charts the policies and
roadmaps that would be used in achieving the goals and objectives stated
in the mission statement of the business entity. Every business entity,
irrespective of its size has established and implemented its own
concepts of management that would allow it to operate smoothly as well
as achieve its objectives. In essence, the functions of the management
allow it to handle the operations, tactical and strategic decisions in
the business entity. The management has four functions.
One of the key functions of management is planning, an ongoing process
in which the management undertakes an analysis of the external and
internal factors that have an impact on the company and its objectives
and goals. The management would assess the current position of the
healthcare institution and its goals, after which it would determine and
implement the best course of action for the attainment of the
company’s objectives and goals. However, planning may be constrained
by the lack of sufficient information and data pertaining to the course
of action, resources necessary and the time to be taken. This may be
solved through comprehensive research and discussions with all
stakeholders to ensure all factors are considered.
In addition, nurse managers undertake the organization of its resources
to allow for the implementation of the course of action established in
the planning process. In this case, they assess the divisions, staff and
departments in the company and determine the most appropriate way of
handling the necessary tasks. This function, however, is constrained by
the bureaucracies in the organization, especially with regard to the
allocation of resources. A reexamination of the institution’s
hierarchies and the constituent division of labor would be imperative so
as to ensure that no unnecessary stages or divisions are incorporated.
This would also eliminate the possibility of job duplication.
In addition, the management undertakes the staffing function. This
involves discerning the healthcare institution’s needs and undertaking
the recruitment, selection, training and development of employees.
However, the staffing function is facing immense obstacle pertaining to
the unavailability of qualified staff thanks to reduced appeal of
medical careers. This may be resolved by liaising with the medical
schools so as to handpick the students right at the initial stages of
their careers.
In addition, healthcare managers undertake the leadership function,
where they issue instructions, counsel and guide their subordinates to
enhance performance to achieve the enterprise objectives. This, however,
may be constrained by conflicts of interest and insubordination. Taking
them through comprehensive training would go a long way in solving this.
Moreover, the management undertakes the coordination function, which
revolves around the orderly synchronization of efforts so as to offer
the appropriate amount of timing, as well as directing executing so as
to result in unified and harmonious actions to a specific objective.
This may be hindered by uncertainty of the behavior of staff. This may
be resolved through undertaking comprehensive research so as to have
comprehensive knowledge of the same.
Moreover, the management undertakes the directing function, where is
influences and oversees the staff’s behavior in the achievement of the
business entity’s goals and helping them in the accomplishment of
their own career and personal goals. However, the directing function may
be constrained by the organizational behavior, especially in instances
where the management views communication and development of personal
relationship with the subordinates as time wasting. This may be solved
through training and workshops aimed at imparting relationship and
communication skills in the management.
On the same note, management undertakes the representing function. This
is a two-way function where it represents the objectives of the
healthcare institutions to the subordinate staff while also representing
the welfare of the junior workers to the directors. They also represent
their institutions to the public. However, this may be hindered by
mistrust between the varied categories of workers in the institutions.
Holding events that allow for interaction between the different
stakeholders would go a long way in enhancing the achievement of the
representation function.
Lastly, the management undertakes the controlling function, which
revolves around the establishment of performance standards that are
based on the objectives of the company, as well as the assessment and
reporting of the actual job performance. On the same note, it would
identify any emerging problems that necessitate corrective action.
Institutional bottlenecks such as the policies guiding the functions of
the different individuals may constrain the controlling function of the
management. This, however, may be solved through a re-examination of the
policy framework that guides the relationships in the organization and
ensuring that there is a clear demarcation of the duties.
THE FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT PAGE * MERGEFORMAT 4
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