Stress Evangelina Smith

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Folkman, S. & Moskowwitz, T.J. (2008, Aug 4th). Current Directions in
psychological science :Stress, positive Emotions, and Coping.
California: Sage publications Inc.. Vol. 9 (4).
This article discusses stress and how one can cope with stress through
positive emotions. According to this article, there is a growing
interest in a positive aspect of the stress process rather than viewing
stress as a threat, people are now viewing stress as a challenge and
coping with it positively. According to this article, positive emotions
usually in coping with stress occur through problem-focused coping,
positive reappraisal, and creation of positive events (Folkman &
Moskowwitz, 2000). This source is useful since it helps individuals to
cope with stress positively rather than coping with it negatively.
Therefore, it provides information that can help individuals and the
society at large in living positively although stress exists. The chief
goal of this article is advising individuals on how they can deal with
stress through positive emotions. The information in this article is
reliable since most of the studies that the article uses have been
conducted by the Center for AIDS and Prevention Studies, which is a
qualified academic center. Besides, the information is reliable
emanating from the qualifications of the authors.
Turner, J.R., Lloyd, A.D. & Wheaton, B. (2010, Feb.). The Epidemiology
of Social Stress. American Sociological Review. Vol. 60 (1).
This article focuses on showing that differences in exposure to stress
are of significance in understanding mental stress. According to this
article, differences in exposure to stress account significantly to
variability in depressive symptoms and major depressive disorder. The
distributions of stress across sex, occupational status, marital status
and age correspond to the distributions of major depressive disorder and
depressive symptoms (Turner et al, 1995). The goal of this source is
examining the social distribution of exposure to stress so as to show
that differences in exposure is exceedingly significant in understanding
the variations in mental health. This article is useful to learners
since it can be used to understand the occurrence of variations in
mental health. Besides, the article is useful in understanding the
significance of differences in exposure to stress. The information from
this article is reliable because it has been presented by qualified
authors all the three authors are from the university of Toronto.
Besides, the information presented is reliable because it has been
researched by qualified entities.
MacDonald, J. N. (2010). The Relationship Between Levels and Stress and
Physical Fitness. New York: ProQuest.
This book examines the role that overall fitness plays in stress
response in a highly stressful profession. The book examines the
association of five physical fitness components to perceived stress of
individuals. The components include muscular strength,
cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, flexibility and muscular
endurance. According to this source, exercise has an impact of
stimulating the sympathetic nervous system, which decreases depression
and stress. This book also highlights the different types of stress that
individuals experience these include acute stress, chronic stress and
episodic acute stress. Acute stress is experienced for a short term and
does not cause extensive damage to the body. Episodic acute stress is
usually experienced by individuals that experience acute stress
frequently (MacDonald, 2007). On the other hand, chronic stress is
stress that lasts for a long time and wears down an individual. The
information provided in this book is useful since it can help learners
understand the relationship between stress levels and physical fitness.
Besides, it gives an understanding of the types of stress. The
information provided in the book is reliable because it has been
researched by a qualified academician.
Seaward, B. L. (2014). Essentials of managing stress. Burlington, MA:
Jones & Bartlett Learning.
This book focuses on the management of stress. The book provides three
categories of stress, which are eustress, distress and neustress.
Eustress is good stress and arises in situations that an individual
finds inspiring or motivating for example, meeting a movie star.
Neustress refers to sensory stimuli that have no consequential effect
that is, it is neither bad nor good. On the other hand, distress is a
bad stress and includes acute and chronic stress (Seaward, 2004). The
book also describes the different ways that women and men use in dealing
with stress the responses entail fight-or flight response and tend and
befriend response. The information in this book is useful to learners as
it helps in the understanding of the types of stress and the responses
used in coping with stress. The information provided in this book is
reliable as it has been researched by a qualified author.
Motowidlo, J.S., Manning, R.M. & Packard, S.J. (2009). Occupational
Stress: Its Causes and Consequences for Job Performance. American
Psychological Association, Inc. Vol. 71 (4).
This article presents information regarding occupational stress what
causes the stress and its effects. According to this article, ambiguity,
role conflict and overload usually constitute antecedents of
occupational stress (Motowidlo et al, 1986). However, other causes have
also been identified. The article further indicates that there is a
relationship between causes of causes of stress and job performance. The
information provided in this article is useful to learners because it
helps learners in identifying the causes of occupational stress, and the
relationship between occupational stress and job performance. Besides,
the information in the article is useful to organizations since it can
help them in identifying factors that contribute to occupational stress.
This will aid organization in eliminating such causes. In addition, the
information is also useful to researchers conducting research on
occupational stress. The information provided in this article is
reliable because all the three authors have qualified from different
universities, which implies that they are knowledgeable regarding the
issue of stress. Furthermore, the information has been researched
through different studies.
Leka, S., Griffiths, A. & Cox, T. (2008). Protecting Workers’ Health.
London: World Health Organization.
This article provides information regarding work stress and the health
of workers. According to this article, work stress has an effect on an
individual’s physical and psychological health stress affects the
health of individuals negatively (Leka et al, 2003). The article also
discusses the nature of stress at work, causes and effects of stress,
and prevention strategies. The goal of this article is providing advice
regarding how to deal with work stress. The information provided in the
article is useful to managers, trade union representatives and employers
in managing work stress. The information provided in the article is
reliable as it involves a qualified body, the World Health Organization.
Australian Psychological Society (2012). Understanding and Managing
Stress.
This article focuses on giving an understanding of what stress is and
how it can be managed. According to the article, stress can harm or
motivate an individual. When an individual encounters stressful
situations, the body responds by activating the nervous system and
releasing hormones like adrenaline and cortisol (Australian
Psychological Society, 2012). The article identifies types of stress as
acute, chronic and episodic acute. Some of the ways of managing stress
proposed by the article include practicing relation, spending time with
others, eating healthy foods and taking regular exercises. The
information provided in this article is useful to learners since it
helps them in understanding the issue of stress and how to manage it. It
is also useful to individuals that have stress since the information can
help a stressed up person in managing stress. The information provided
in the article is reliable because it has been prepared by an academic
body that is well knowledgeable in the field of stress.
Clear, L.R. & Blumenthal, A.J. (2008, Aug.). Current Directions in
Psychological Science: the value of stress-management interventions in
life-threatening medical conditions. New York: Sage Publications, Inc.
vol. 12 (4).
This article focuses on the value of stress management involvements in
life-threatening medical situations. According to the article, emotional
stress has been linked with the development and progress of different
chronic medical conditions. The article proposes that psychological
intervention can enhance a patient’s psychological fountain and life
quality (Clear & Blumenthal, 2003). However, there is scarce evidence to
conclude that the interventions reduce mortality and morbidity
significantly. The article further indicates that higher levels of
emotional stress are linked to poor health outcomes in different medical
situations such as cancer, coronary heart disease and chronic pain.
Stress management enhances the quality of life since it can help in
treating health conditions such as cancer and coronary heart disease.
This resource is useful to individuals that have chronic medical
conditions since they can use the information in enhancing their health
condition. It is also useful to researchers conducting research in this
field. The information provided by this resource is reliable since it
has been compiled by professionals in the field of medical science.
References
MacDonald, J. N. (2010). The Relationship Between Levels and Stress and
Physical Fitness. New York: ProQuest.
Seaward, B. L. (2014). Essentials of managing stress. Burlington, MA:
Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Motowidlo, J.S., Manning, R.M. & Packard, S.J. (2009). Occupational
Stress: Its Causes and Consequences for Job Performance. American
Psychological Association, Inc. Vol. 71 (4).
Leka, S., Griffiths, A. & Cox, T. (2008). Protecting Workers’ Health.
London: World Health Organization.
Australian Psychological Society (2012). Understanding and Managing
Stress.
Turner, J.R., Lloyd, A.D. & Wheaton, B. (2010, Feb.). The Epidemiology
of Social Stress: the value of stress-management interventions in
life-threatening medical conditions. American Sociological Review. Vol.
60 (1).
Folkman, S. & Moskowwitz, T.J. (2008, Aug 4th). Current Directions in
psychological science: Stress, positive Emotions, and Coping.
California: Sage publications Inc.. Vol. 9 (4).
Clear, L.R. & Blumenthal, A.J. (2008, Aug.). Current Directions in
Psychological Science. New York: Sage Publications, Inc. vol. 12 (4).
STRESS PAGE * MERGEFORMAT 2
STRESS

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