Robotics in the health industry Name of Student

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Economic impact and considerations to the robotics technology
The robotic technology has been seen as the latest form of technology that is being embraced in several healthcare institutions to help offer assistance in surgeries and other forms of labor (Greenberg, 2013). However, the introduction of robotics in the technological world has been accompanied by several impacts to the economy. Furthermore, human beings must agree with the fact that there are considerations that must be taken into account before introducing robotic technology in a particular healthcare or any other institution. To start with, robotic technology has a history of causing deaths of patients in healthcare institutions. For example, in 2012, it was reported that a woman died during hysterectomy when the robot that was being controlled by a surgeon accidentally nicked the patient`s blood vessel. Besides, in 2007, there were reports that a man in Chicago died after a reckless spleen surgery performed by a robot. Moreover, Da Vinci a robot in the USA perforated a man`s colon during prostate surgery. There have also been reports that a robot accidentally hit a patient in the face during hysterectomy leading to the death of the patient. With all these deaths, the effect on the economy is very evident. First, funds are used in the treatment of the injured and burial of the deceased individuals. Secondly, the several deaths that are caused by robotic technology are a blow to the economy as it causes the demise of labor providers (Lindsey, 2013).
The other economic impact of robotic technology is that it is accompanied by very high costs of maintenance. Robots are very expensive. Their installation costs slightly above $60, 000 and the maintenance of a single robot might cost up to $200, 000. Besides, they need continuous spending in order to maintain and reprogram them. In a hospital situation, when human labor and robotic technology labor are compared, it will be realized that human labor is by far cheap and more efficient. The movement of robots must be remote or computer controlled. This means that extra labor is required in order to control the robots. This is very expensive and thus a menace to the economic development of a particular country.
Admittedly, just like other machinery, the robotic technology has resulted in high unemployment rates more so in the healthcare institutions. Jobs that used to be done by human beings have been taken by the robots (Graban, 2012). Though unemployment rates are on the rise due to this new technology, there are a few scientists who are in favor of the new technology. However, the replacement of human labor in health institutions has brought more harm than good. Human beings have the ability to make improvements and changes in the places of work whereas the robots can neither improve nor change once an action is done. In addition, in health institutions, human beings can smile with the patients whereas the robots cannot (Mavroforou et al., 2010). Therefore, the unemployment rates that are on the increase due to the robotic technology are a big challenge to the economy.
Robotic technology has positive impacts. For example, robots have helped to increase the productivity rate among workers in the manufacturing sector (Marohn & Hanly, 2004). This is good news to the economy of a particular country. Furthermore, on the positive side, robots have helped enhance the scientific sector in healthcare institutions through the discovery of new and life-saving drugs and blood clot removal robots in advanced medical institutions.
When introducing the robotic technology in the healthcare institutions there are several considerations that should be taken into account. First, the cost of maintaining the robots should be taken into consideration so as not to hurt the economic development of a particular country. Secondly, the availability of the skills and expertise required to manage the technology should also be put into consideration. The job creation ability of the technology should also be put into consideration so as not to cause unemployment. Finally, the effects of the technology, both positive and negative should be put into consideration when adopting the robotic technology especially in healthcare institutions.
The world and new revolution in Robotics
The world is on the cusp of new revolution in robotics. The most evident revolutions of robots are those that assist in surgical procedures in medical institutions, those that pertain toprosthetics and nanorobots. To start with, robotic technology has been embraced in medical institutions to help counter the lack of skill and expertise needed during surgical operations. For example, in a study spearheaded by Professor Professor Nick Cheshire, MD of St Mary`s Hospital and funded by the firm Hansen Medical, it was revealed that robots were critical in addressing skill shortage and eliminating human errors in carotid artery stenting (Marketwired, 2013). Prof.Chesire noted that one of the major issues facing “endovascular intervention in the aortic arch and carotids is the risk of embolization and resulting neurologic deficit, including stroke, due to the presence of vessel tortuosity, angulation, arterial plaque and calcification, and poor patient selection.” Such a procedure requires high level skills though human errors cannot be entirely eliminated. There is shortage of such high level skills in the industry which can be provided by robotic technology.
In addition an evident revolution of robots is witnessed in Chicago, where there is a multi-armed robot named Da Vinci. This robot has helped in surgical operations in US hospitals. The robot helped in approximately over 400,000 surgical operations last year. This was a figure that tripled the number of operations done in the previous four years in the country. This is a clear indication that the world has adopted the new revolution in robotics.
Robotics that pertains to prosthetics is also being embraced in the modern world. Forexample,as cited in “Alion enhancing robotic prosthetic devices. (2010).UPI Security Industry – Briefs”:
“Virginia CompanyAlion Science and Technology will work to enhance robotic prosthetic limb technology for military amputees.This critically important program is expected to result in a model for developing a unique, rather than a one-size-fits-all, robotic prosthetic device for an amputee, lower costs for embedding sensors within a limb and an advanced integrated control system that allows for lighter, more comfortable and more cost-effective prostheses,” said Richard Brooks, Alion`s Distributed Simulation Group manager and a retired U.S. Navy rear admiral. “Our modeling and simulation expertise will greatly help facilitate advancements in the field of artificial limbs.”
This is a clear indication that robotics that pertains to prosthetics is also very important and significant to the modern world and its rapid revolution could be very helpful and advantageous.
The other type of robotics technology that is on the verge of great revolution is nanorobotics. This is a kind of technology where robots with components that are close to the scale of a nanometer (10 ^-9 meters) are created. Such robots have been embraced in the recent years as they are very influential and helpful in field operations. For example, as cited in “Canada, N. (2011, March 16). THE FANTASTIC VOYAGE CONTINUES! – World first forProfessor Sylvain Martel`s team: localized delivery of an anti-cancer drug by remote-controlled microcarriers. Canada Newswire”, Professor Sylvain Martel`s team came up with a discovery ofan anti-cancer drug by remote controlled micro carriers. This was a type of nanorobotics technology that caused a breakthrough in the field of nanomedicine.
CEOs and managers of healthcare institutions worldwide are also adopting the robotic technology as they view employees as a cost that needs to be reduced (Marohn&Hanly, 2004). The managers and CEOs view the new robotic technology as an efficient way of delivering medications and supplies without the need of holidays or breaks. This has been advantageous to the institutions as several jobs are done in a very fast and efficient manner as compared to the human labor. The only disadvantage of this is that there are certain tasks that the robots cannot perform. For example, robots cannot generate, improve or implement the ideas for hospital and patient care. Essentially, the adoption of the robotic technology by CEOs and managers in health institutions is a clear indication that the world is on the cusp of new revolution in robotics (Graban, 2012).
In reference to the Technology article from President Obama, apart from theimportance of robotics technology and its global revolution, the president also recognized the importance of a modernized patent process and looks forward to improving the process. The US government has done this in several ways. To begin with, the government has signed patent reforms that have helped companies and inventors to avoid delays and unnecessary litigation. In this way, the government has helped improve the patent process.In addition, the US government has come up with transformation initiatives that have helped build on the patent process. Besides, the US government has offered companies and small businesses the opportunity to move their technology to the market place further thus improving the patent process.
The improvement of the patent process by the US government under the leadership of President Obama is also evident in the Technology article in that he has taken a step of offering entrepreneurs new ways through the American Invents Act to avoid litigation thus helping improve the patent process.
The modernized patent system that is emphasized by the US government could impact robotics in several ways. To start with, the patent process will help companies and investors avoid delays and litigation prompting them to embrace robotics technology. Therefore, robotics technology will be embraced in industries such as biotechnology, medical institutions, telecommunications, and manufacturing industries among others.
The improvement of the patent process by the US government will also impact robotics in that the government will introduce new tools and resources in order to improve the patent quality. One of the tools and resources to be introduced is the robotic technology. In essence, this will be a positive impact to the robotics industry.
In order to advance the robotics technology in all sectors including the medical institutions, the US government came up with a position of Chief Technology Officer. The individual to occupy this position had various roles that could help improve or advance medical robotics. First, the Chief Technology Officer would make government information resources in audible and accessible and as a result, this would be good news to the medical robotics. The US Chief Technology Officer would also play the role of securing information that is critical to national security.
The American president, Barack Obama also came up with a National Robotics Initiative which aimed at promoting American manufacturing capabilities. Obama`s main objective was to enhance the development of robots in order to work with people so as to fasten the manufacturing process. This would in turn lead to the augmentation of the American economy. The president believed that once the robotic technology is adopted, it would help increase the productivity of workers in the manufacturing sector, it would help in the improvement of food safety in the US, it would help the field of science with the discovery of new and life-saving medication and also that it would help astronauts in their dangerous and high cost operations. The support of the robotic technology by the president of the US is a clear indication that the world is on the cusp of new revolution in robotics.
Investing in the robotic industry and the return on investment for healthcare
Investing in the robotics industry is one of the major concerns in the world at present. Admittedly, most people believe that robots have a significant influence on the global market. This is because the technology helps a great deal to improve productivity and manufacturing thus enhancing the global economy (Greenberg, 2013). Investment in the robotic industry has been enabled in a number of ways. To begin with, there are safety standards that are already in existence for the use of robots. The safety standards that have been adopted are particularly for medical robots. This is a clear indication of the investment in the robotic industry.
Secondly, there are government laws and policies that allow the robotic technology in various countries such as the USA. In the US, the president is in support of the technology and ha even come up with a National Robotics Initiative (Obama, 2011). This is a clear indication of investment in the robotics industry by the American president.
Moreover, there is education and nurturing of students in universities and other education institutions about the robotic technology. This will help develop people or individuals who will be future leaders in the world thus helping in the revolution and adoption of the robotic technology. The provision of education of education and nurturing of students in educational institutions clearly demonstrates investment in the robotic industry.
CEOs and managers of hospitals and other health institutions have implemented the use of robots to perform surgical operations. This is practical in the USA where a robot named Da Vinci has participated in several surgical operations in the country. The implementation of the use of robots in health institutions clearly shows to what extent people are dedicated to invest in the robotics industry.
The investments that have been made on the robotics industry indicate some positive returns. For example, in the healthcare institutions, the positive returns of the investment on robotic industry include lower risk infection among patients, reduced pain and body trauma of patients, effective and precise surgical operations, shorter hospital stays for patients, quick recoveries, less loss of blood by patients and less scarring that is accredited to improved cosmetics offered by the robots (Joseph, 2010).
Government and Laws
Several governments worldwide have struggled to invest in the robotic industry. The revolution of the robotic industry that is seen today has largely been enabled by several governments embracing robotic technology. The governments have embraced and enabled robotic technology in their countries through several ways. To start with, governments have come up with legislations and laws that allow the adoption of robotic technology in their industries. In the case of China, laws and legislations have allowed continuous use of robots in their industries. Through the legislations and laws, the governments have enabled the revolution of robotics (Joseph, 2010).
Several governments have also come up with policies that direct where robotic technology is to be used and where not to be used. Other policies that governments have come up with concern the increase in productivity and manufacturing sectors. Such policies have enabled the development of the robotic industry hence the rapid revolution of the industry that has been witnessed in the recent years (Powers, 2010).
Consequently, several governments have incorporated programs in their education sectors that concern the robotics technology. In the recent years, students in universities and other educational institutions have been educated and nurtured about the robotics technology. Through this, the governments have enabled the revolution of the robotics industry.
Other governments have come up with national initiatives that support the robotics industry. For example, President Obama of the USA came up with the National Robotics Initiative which helped or enabled the development of the robotics industry in the United States (Obama, 2011).
It is worth noting that the above discussed laws, policies and initiatives will shape the future of robotics globally. Once the laws and policies are fully implemented, the manufacture of robotics will sharply increase. This means that several jobs in industries will be adopted by robotic technology prompting very high demand for the technology. What does this mean to the robotics industry? This means that the future of the robotics industry is on the verge of being shaped and becoming a successful venture.
Global healthcare systems have also began to use robotic technology as earlier discussed. This has been enabled by government policies that have been put in place. For example, government policies such as efficient and fast treatment of patients in healthcare institutions, reduction of pain and body trauma among patients and shorter stay for patients in healthcare institutions have prompted the healthcare institutions to adopt the robotics technology. As a result, the treatment of patients in healthcare institutions such as in the US where a robot named Da Vinci has played a big role has been very fast and efficient. Besides, the period which patients take in healthcare institutions has greatly reduced due to the good work accredited to the robotic technology (Greenberg, 2013)
In the US, president Obama`s National Robotic Initiative has influenced the healthcare system in the country in several ways. One of the ways is that the initiative has helped enhance the efficiency and rate of productivity of the employees in the healthcare sector causing faster and efficient treatment of patients. The initiative also helped the healthcare sector by helping scientists discover new and life-saving drugs (Obama, 2011).
Legal Consequences affecting the use of medical robots
Evidently, robots are used in various countries in the world. However, these machines are often engaged or used to perform jobs that are dangerous, repetitive and unpleasant. As a result, they pose several risks to human employees who work with them or beside then. In the healthcare institutions, there are legal consequences that affect the use of medical robots. First, the robots are electronically controlled and at times the systems do fail. Therefore, this can cause great risk to the lives of the patients (PR, 2012). This consequence greatly affects the use of medical robots in healthcare institutions. The other consequence of medical robots is that they often affect the communication and understanding between staff members in healthcare institutions. For example, during a surgical operation, a surgeon is often located in a position while controlling the robot using a remote. In one way or another, this technology will have affected the initial communication, rapport and understanding that would have existed initially in the absence of the robotic technology.
The robotic technology can often cause intense radiations during operations that would greatly affect the lives of patients. Radioactive ways can cause interference with human reproductive systems or even death. Therefore, this is one of the legal consequences that affect the use of medical robots. Similarly, medical robots have previously caused injuries to the patients by hitting them in the face or other sensitive areas. This is a disadvantage as compared to human labor which could hardly cause injuries to the patients. The use of medical robots also causes unemployment as human labor in healthcare institutions is being replaced by the robotic technology. Evidently, these consequences affect the use of medical robots in healthcare institutions (PR, 2012).
When governments enact laws and implement policies that will enable the development of the robotics technology, there are several impacts on the environment that will be witnessed. First, robotics requires minerals that are often mined in crude ways thus causing damage and destruction to the environment. In addition, though a positive impact, once governments allow the use of robots, it will be easier to measure and control the radiation levels in the environment.
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