Reflection on Ethical Poles

Ethical perspectives refer to moral views that people hold in regard to
an action (Preston, 2007). Different individuals have varied ethical
perspectives, which are vital in maintaining soberness in any society.
There are four ethical perspectives, which include character
perspective, obligation perspective, results and equity perspectives.
According to the character perspective, what is ethical is determined by
a person’s action and whether the action upholds moral values. The
obligation perspective is guided by the idea that every person has an
obligation of doing what is morally right. According to the results
perspective, the consequences of a certain action are treated as
valuable in determining whether the decision of taking the action is
ethical. In this perspective, there is no measure as to what is right or
wrong since people having this perspective believe that every action
should focus on improving the society as a whole. On the other hand, the
equity perspective measure ethics through evaluating the consequences of
a given action. There is no true way of measuring whether a behavior is
ethical or not since there is no ethical code that has been set to fit
the entire world. Most people in the globe have a similar sense of what
should constitute wrong and right however, there exists variations
within subgroups and different cultures relating to ethical issues.
The ethical perspective that closely matches my personal code of ethics
is results perspective. The results perspective matches my personal code
of ethics since it is based on the idea that the results achieved and
the consequences of a person’s actions determine ethical performance.
According to this perspective, the results emanating from a certain
action are supposed to dictate a person’s capacity to make ethical
decisions in a society (Mohrlang, 2004). For instance, if an individual
decides to build a dam in an area, the action of building a dam will not
be viewed by an individual holding the results perspective a person
holding the results perspective will see ethics from the perspective of
what the dam will bring that is, whether the dam built will lead to
influencing the society negatively or positively. Besides, the results
perspective matches my personal perspective since it looks an
achievement in terms of achievement of the society (Preston, 2007). The
improvement of the society is put at the top position using this
The tenets of the results perspective entail various key elements. One
of the elements includes lack of an absolute standard measuring right or
wrong of an action. This implies that the results emanating from a
certain action does not measure wrongfulness or rightfulness of an
action since individuals, who have this perspective are of the belief
that true ethical action focuses on improving the well-being of the
society as a whole through the use of tangible and measurable results.
Therefore, the results perspective concentrates on the benefits that
will result from a certain behavior. Another key element is that the
consequences of an action are vital in determining ethical performance.
The ethical perspective, which seems most unlike my personal ethical
system is the character perspective. Character ethical perspective is
most unlike my personal ethical perspective because people using this
perspective usually base their perspective what seems good be instead of
what is good to do (Mohrlang, 2004). This implies that a person using
this perspective believes that judging an individual should be
benchmarked on more than just actions in order to determine whether he
is ethical this means that an individual character is exceedingly vital
in dictating what is ethical. A person having the character perspective
believes that an individual’s character is more vital than his actions
and believe that actions of a person alone cannot make him ethical
without an underlying urge to uphold moral values.
If I were to choose an ethical perspective that I would like to follow,
which I did not identify as the one that most closely matches my own
assessment, it would be the equity perspective. I woulds consider the
equity ethical system as an alternative to my my self-assessment of my
own because it includes these characteristics, which I find admirable
ethics is usually measured using a practical approach through which the
consequences of an individual’s action are a fundamental measure of
his moral and ethical standard (Mapel & Nardin, 1999). Besides,
individuals following the equity perspective have a belief that there is
no absolute standard of wrong and right. This is crucial since through
following the equity perspective, there will be no absolute standard
that will tend to measure an individual’s actions and categorize them
as wrong or right however, the consequences of his actions will be a
determinant whether the actions were ethical. This helps individuals in
maintaining the trust of other institutionalized codes of ethics as
there is no absolute standard for measuring what is wrong or right. The
equity perspective does not have a common set of ethical and moral
standards, but views ethics emanating from all possible alternatives to
a given decision.
Preston, N. (2007). Understanding ethics. Annandale, N.S.W: Federation
Mapel, D., & Nardin, T. (1999). International society: Diverse ethical
perspectives. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.
Mohrlang, R. (2004). Matthew and Paul: A comparison of ethical
perspectives. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Gray, M. & Webb, A.S. (2010). Ethics and Value Perspectives in Social
Work. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

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