Question 1

What is one suggestion that the article provides to individuals who are presenting an argument either verbally or in writing?
Answer
A.
The speaker should enter a conversation with criticism from “what others are saying” and then discuss the speaker`s response. The opinions should be summarized.
B.
The speaker should start with a detailed list of all critics who challenge the opinions. However, the speaker`s opinion is not the significant at the beginning.
C.
At the beginning, the speaker should provide detailed and elaborate information about the opposing viewpoints.
D.
The speaker or writer should not summarize the opinions. The objective is to present his or her opinion, not the opposing viewpoints.
10 points
Question 2
1.
The article presents various examples of templates, which are subtitles for the article. What are some of the Templates titles?
Answer
A.
Introducing What “they say”, Introducing “Standard View”, Marketing What “they say” Something “you say”, Introducing Something “Implied or Assumed” and Introducing and `Ongoing Debate”.
B.
Template for an Introduction, Template for a Topic Sentence, Template to Formulate a Conclusion, Template for a Thesis Statement.
C.
Body Paragraph 1, The Transitional Sentence, State The Facts, Body Paragraph 2, Body Paragraph 3
D.
You Opinion, Their Opinion, Trying to Find a Compromise
10 points
Question 3
1. What are just a few ways to begin an argument?
Answer
A.
With an illustrative quotation, a revealing fact or statistic, and finally a relevant anecdote.
B.
Facts and statistical information is the best method to capture the reader`s attention.
C.
With an illustrative quotation, a revealing fact or statistic, but a relevant anecdote is probably the least effective. Writers should use relevant anecdotes.
D.
With revealing facts or statistics, but a quote is probably the least effective. Writers should not use quotes.
10 points
Question 4
1. Which template does the following transitional sentence represent? “While they rarely admit as much, X often takes for granted that Y…”
Answer
A.
The Transitional Sentence
B.
Introducing Something “Implied or Assumed
C.
Their Opinion
D.
Template to Formulate a Conclusion
10 points
Question 5
1. George Orwell had an opinion about “Politics and the English Language”. What was his belief?
Answer
A.
The English language was in a general collapse, because of a decent civilization.
B.
The English language was on the rise as the greatest language on earth, because of its ability to accept decadence.
C.
The English language will collapse, because of its need to be a puritan, religious society – religion cannot dictate policy.
D.
The English language has NOT changed or adapted for centuries therefore, it will collapse and become a decadent civilization.
10 points
Question 6
1. What are templates so popular?
Answer
A.
Because they provide a quick and efficient way to perform one of the most common moves that writers make – challenging widely accepted beliefs.
B.
It is easy and quick writers can use their time for more research, instead of struggling with transitions.
C.
Templates should not be used because it decreases the creditability of the writer.
D.
Templates are not popular because there is no creativity, they must be edited to the writer`s words.
10 points
Question 7
1. What is one aspect that is emphasized in the beginning of the article?
Answer
A.
Do not present a one-side argument. Readers will wonder “why” the speaker or writer is disputing a claim when there is no opposition or criticism.
B.
Do not complicate the material with multiple opinions. The writer should simply state the facts and present one side of the argument.
C.
There is no need to present both sides of an argument until the end of the essay even then it is not necessary.
D.
To keep an audience engaged in the topic, the writer should wait until the end of the essay or discussion.
10 points
Question 8
1. Which template can help you make what is called a “standard view” and introduce a viewpoint that is widely accepted?
Answer
A.
One must not accept the facts presented unless there is undisputed research. Logical deduction is only an interpretation when…
B.
Common sense is open to many interpretations and the source must be evaluated with…
C.
Many people assume, but assumption incorrectly if their bias nature is identified with…
D.
The conventional wisdom about topic X has it that…
10 points
Question 9
1. Which template below does NOT take the viewpoint that what “they say” may also be what “you say?”
Answer
A.
At the same time that many believe in X, they may also believe in Y.
B.
The majority of citizens believe the X is boring.
C.
Although Y should know better by now, Y cannot help thinking that X may be correct.
D.
Even though there may appear to be common ground between X and Y, in reality there is less similarities.
10 points
Question 10
1. Which template below is NOT a way to present opposing arguments?
Answer
A.
A number of critics have recently suggested that X`s work has several fundamental problems.
B.
It has become common knowledge to dismiss X`s work because of Y`s criticism.
C.
In their recent work, Y and Z have offered harsh critiques of X`s claim for C.
D.
X`s claim concerning C is absolutely correct and has been recognized as brilliant.
10 points
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