Demograhics: the subject is a Caucasian male 8-12 years old.
The subject has a slim body build, with a height of about 41/2 ft which is acceptable for his approximate age. Weighs approximately 30-40 kgs. He has neat kept blond hair protected by a white head band.
Dressing: The subject is dressed in navy blue jeans shorts with side pockets, white sneakers with red stripes on the sides, white ankle length socks with a black white Nike label near the top, grey sweatshirt with a black smudge at the back. Underneath the sweatshirt is a white t-shirt and is also wearing a white head band. Has a silver chain hanging from his neck.
Physical development: The subject looks fit for his age. He does not indicate any signs of excessive sweating despite being engaged in a physically demanding activity of playing basketball with peers. Given his height and approximate weight, it is estimated her has a normal BMI. No physical abnormalities detected
According to Piaget`s cognitive development theory, the subject is in the concrete operational stage (Martin & Fabes, 2008). The subject fits in because of his age and observed traits. The subject understands reversibility as indicated by his constant proclamations of “Check out for Jordan” whenever he scores a basket. He understands that Michael Jordan was a very successful, he was a basketball and he himself is a basketball player aspiring to that successful.
Under Erickson`s cognitive development theory, subject is in industry vs. inferiority stage (Martin & Fabes, 2008). Subjects demands extra hard work from peers while playing which is indicative of understanding of industry and subject also reprimands some peers. Overall he appears to take over the role of adult among his peers.
Milestones and stages for the physical, cognitive, and social/emotional development
Relates well with peers as observed through friendly gestures. He is able to give a high-five to his team mates wherever they score against the other team.
Has a developed sense of accomplishment that centers on the ability to apply skills learned in this case playing basketball. This is seen in the way he carries himself while playing with a lot of confidence. He recognizes that he has better skills than majority of his playmates and this is observed in his self-esteem and a raised voice whenever issuing instructions or celebrating a score.
Subject is still developing and testing values and beliefs as observed through jokes and teasing. He seems to know how to push and tease some players of the opposing teams in an attempt to intimidate them. He severally curses but does not use a high voice while doing so compared to other instances.
Subject is aware of his body changes as observed through mild development of muscles and a deeper imposing voice. The subject uses these attributes to impose himself on the younger and less physically developed peers.
No signs of off-development. The observed skills in basketball, which are above average for his age and mates is attributable to practice and training.
The subject is developing well cognitively and physically. While the subjects` physical attributes are clearly observable, his cognitive abilities cannot be confirmed. To do so will require prolonged observation under different environments such as classroom activities and participation.
I think observation is one of the simplest forms of data collection about individuals. Furthermore, data collected through this method is very reliable as subjects are in their natural element and are not aware of any research activity going on. As such, they exhibit their true character without the observer interfering with subject or influencing behavior. As observed by Olsen (2011), it is important while using this method of data collection to keep in mind privacy issues in the name of observation and collecting data. Some individuals might feel like their privacy is being violated when it is disclosed to them someone was observing them and collecting data.
Martin, C. & Fabes, R. (2008). Discovering child development. New York: Cengage Learning.
Olsen, W. (2011). Data Collection: Key Debates and Methods in Social Research. New York.