Part A: Leadership
Leadership is the art of influencing people to adopt the aspects of a
person called a leader in two dimensions. First, leadership influences
people to act and behave in a way that the leader deems right for the
team. Secondly, leadership influences the ideology pattern of people to
conform to the leader. Leadership is therefore referred to as an art as
the leader will always find the reason to enlist the support of the
people they lead (Meyer, 2008). This is achieved through the focus of
the two parties to set of goals or a common task that the leader
inspires the team to achieve.
Leadership being an art means that any person can learn to practice
leadership and live the life of a leader. This means that no one is born
a leader but all leaders learn the practice. Leaders therefore learn
from the environment they grow in and emerge as leaders which look like
an inborn virtue to observant public. This means that to be a leader or
a follower is as a result of the interaction with the environment as
well as the leadership personalities of the day. Therefore, no one is
destined to be a leader or to be a follower, all people take respective
positions in the community based on their learning and interaction with
people that brings the leadership qualities in them.
It is also possible for all people being leaders by learning and
through practicing the respective leadership art of leading. Being a
leader or a follower is determined by the level of influence those
interacting have towards each other (Meyer, 2008). The one with more
powerful art of influencing people becomes the leader with the rest
being followers. Of all these qualities, the most important leadership
quality is the adaptability of the leader to different leadership styles
at different circumstances in life. This is because leadership is
situational and changes to fit all aspects of the subject or followers.
Part B: Odysseus Leadership sections
Generally Odysseus is a good leader who was determined to lead and save
his men on several occasions than they got killed (ENG (2002). The first
section to review is his leadership at the island of Aeaea while facing
Circle. One there, he investigated from a rocky height to notice smoke
and kills a stag for a meal on his way back to the ship. At this point
as a leader, Odysseus encourages his men and divides them into two
groups. With him and Eurylochus leading the groups, he arms himself and
Eurylochus shows the way (Howell & Fink, 2012). As a leader, he also
seeks counsel and instruction from Hermes on how to face Circe. He is
concerned about his men that he attacks Circle and does not eat until
all his men are restored.
The second section to review is his leadership at the island of Aeolia.
After being handed over the bag of winds and sails for nine days, he
tends to the bag and the sail to himself but falls asleep due to
exhaustion. To avoid irresponsibility from his men, he did not tell them
of the contents of the secret bag of winds. This is an act of leadership
as he knew of the weaknesses of his men and took responsibility of the
bag despite the failure to secure it (Howell & Fink, 2012). In
conclusion, the leadership qualities of Odysseus show that leadership is
an art that can be practiced and learned other than being an inborn art.
ENG (2002). World Literature I: From the Ancient World to the Middle
Howell, N. & Fink, R. (2012). Odysseus deconstructed: Crossing the
threshold into critical
thinking. English Journal, 102(1), 61-66. Retrieved from,
Meyer, T. (2008). Leadership Qualities – Is There a Perfect Leader?
Munich, Germany: GRIN
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