Justice and Social Economic class

Justice is a collection of universal guidelines which help to judge
between right and wrong. Social justice deals with formation of
institutions such as the Governments and how these institutions should
be organized to help the people achieve satisfaction and national goals.
Social justice gives specific roles to all citizens which will aid in
achievement of national goals (Arneson, 1990).
Social justice encompasses Economic Justice which gives the moral
guidelines useful in establishing economical institutions such as
markets and contractual rules. It is entrenched on three pillars namely,
participation pillar where all citizens are accorded their share of
contribution to Economic development. In achieving the duties accorded,
the citizens are supposed to benefit equally from resources of the
country. Distribution principle is the second pillar of social justice
which advocates for free and open distributive system such as the free
market system whereby an individual’s reward is based on the input
contributed into the system, this has led to emergence of two different
views, based on class. These include the extreme rich, known as the
liberals and the egalitarians. The liberals are of the view that
resources should be distributed on bases of free market where the
government has no role in allocating resources. The egalitarians are of
the view that, the Government should redistribute resources equally
among all people despite their input. The final pillar is the harmony
principle which forms the opinion of whether the reward accorded is in
relation to the inputted effort (Arneson,1990).
Robert H. Frank. Debates about distributive justice and offers new
Government approach on how to achieve greater economic justice through
resource distribution. He moved away from Darwinian mode of stateless
society, to organized state with functioning societies. In these works
he gave the roles that the established institutions should play in
distributing resources and achieving a better resources distribution
system. Robert noted that, left to the free market reward system,
resources would be unjustly distributed only to the rich hence making
them richer. He also disputed the egalitarian idea that resources should
be fully distributed to all people arguing that this would make some
individuals lazy. He therefore advocated a distribution system where
there would be minimal Government intervention in redistributing
resources hence achieving a greater good since resources would be fairly
distributed among wider population (Flynn, 1995).
His works and broadcast on the Darwin economy, Frank Comes out clear of
his support of minimal government involvement in allocating resources
and describes the minimal role the Government should play in allocation
of resources so as to achieve greater distribution of resources amongst
all people. However Government involvement in distribution of resources
should only be in basic sector so as to benefit all people but should be
minimal so as to allow completion thereby achievement of national goals
(Flynn, 1995).
Arneson, R. (1990). Liberalism, distributive subjectivism, and equal
for welfare. Philosophy and Public. London: Sage
Flynn, J. (1995). Social Justice in Social Agencies: Encyclopedia of
Social Work. Washington, D.C.: NASW Press.

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