Jeanne dâ Arc

English commanders wanted the church to condemn Jeanne dâ Arc for witchcraft and heresy. In fact, the tribunal and English commanders saw Jeanne`s assertions as diabolically-compelled profanity thus told her to confess to conspiring with the devil or face execution. In this regard, the accusations against Joan as a witch and an iconoclast serve as a significant evaluation of her trial.
The court attempted to frame Jeanne for dissent and witchcraft. According to the historical accounts on the trial of Jeanne dâ Arc, the Catholic Church termed her witch on May the 30[th] 1431 (Cole, Coffin, Symes, and Stacey 349). The trial construed that Jeanne had portrayed actions that served to purpose sorcery and heresy thus, the tribunal orchestrated its claims towards French potential threat. The English initiated a carefully prepared propaganda alleging that the heir apparent to the French throne was not illegible to the throne. This sowed a source of doubt amongst many of the French people leading them to incline towards neutrality and conform to the ways of whichever party was winning. This led to a state of low morale among the French such that the French monarchy and the country was about to collapse entirely.
In France, the traditionally acknowledged coronations venue was the Rheims Cathedral which was under English control thus, preventing Charles, the heir to the French throne from coronation, further demoralizing the French. In her teenage years, Jeanne developed a highly spiritual and prayerful nature propelling her to declare that she heard voices of the saints asking her to lead the Orleans siege, liberate the Rheims Cathedral to enable the crowning of Charles as King of the French (Cole, Coffin, Symes, and Stacey 350). She claimed that the saints had asked her to dress in masculine clothes during military campaigns (Cole, Coffin, Symes, and Stacey 351). This account of Jeanne served as the foundation framework for which the tribunal sought to portray her blasphemy nature.
At the beginning of 1428, Jeanne left her home after the Poitier`s based Church trial which essentially cleared her of any associations with witchcraft. This served to motivate and boost the morale of both Charles and his army pegged on the notion that God was on their side. She played a pivotal role in inspiring the troops during desperate times leading the French to win surprising victories and the subsequent crowning of Charles as King. This was Jeanne`s ultimate goal, but she continued to participate in battles against the English which substantially demoralized the English army.
The combined forces of Burgundy and England were at constant dread of Jeanne`s apparently superhuman abilities, and they opted to attribute them to the devil. After she was captured by the English in 1430, the English military commanders called in for the services of Cauchon, a Catholic bishop who leaned more to politics than the Church to initiate court proceedings against Jeanne and conclusively justify that she was actually a witch (Cole, Coffin, Symes, and Stacey 351).
This suggests that the English heavily manipulated the Catholic Church to ensure that they were rid of Jeanne. To them, Jeanne d`Arc was the source of motivation to the French forces while, on the other hand, her appearance at battle put fear among the English-Burgundy troops (Cole, Coffin, Symes, and Stacey 351). Their main objective was to use the Church, which was highly respected by the French people to portray Jeanne as a witch and by extension a devil.
Cauchon was an overzealous English supporter, and he sought to instill Jury- men who sided with his reasoning. As such, the Catholic Church cannot be held liable for the burning of Jeanne at the stake as it was Cauchon himself who declined Jeanne`s request to be tried by an impartial Church Council or the Pope himself. Cauchon not only falsified evidence presented to the court but also intimidated the Jury men as well as corrupting Jeanne`s evidence before the Paris University.
As a result, the tribunal unfairly tried Jeanne simply for the English and Burgundy people to be able to manipulate the course of war with the French. Jeanne was convicted guilty of being a witch and the British sought to oversee her execution. However, this put a lot of fear in Jeanne causing her to agree to signing and pledging allegiance to the Catholic Church (Cole, Coffin, Symes, and Stacey 353). The judges reduced her sentence to a light sentence. This demanded that she agree to dress as a woman which she accepted. This sentence infuriated the English as her condemnation as a witch would have implied that King Charles was crowned demonically.
The English arranged the stealing of Jeanne`s clothes at night, and Jeanne was subjected to dressing in manly clothes again, which was to the contentment of the English commanders (Cole, Coffin, Symes, and Stacey 352). Cauchon was ordered to hurry to her dungeon and convict her of disobedience to the Church. This was enough for Jeanne to be accused of witchcraft and in 1431, she was burnt at the stake (Cole, Coffin, Symes, and Stacey 349).
Works Cited
Cole, Joshua, Judith G. Coffin, Carol Symes, and Robert Stacey. Western civilizations: their history & their culture. 3rd brief ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2012. Print.

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