IS-230.C Fundamentals of Emergency Management

1. A request for a Presidential declaration of disaster must be made by the:
A. Governor of the affected State.
B. State Emergency Program Manager of the affected State.
C. Designated Federal Coordinating Officer.
D. Chief elected official of the affected area.
2. All of the following are important emergency management planning principles EXCEPT FOR:
A. Planning is fundamentally a process to manage risk.
B. Planning should be flexible enough to address both traditional and catastrophic incidents.
C. Planning results in unique plans for every type of threat or hazard.
D. Planning must be community based, representing the whole population and its needs.
3. What is the managerial function charged with creating the framework within which communities reduce vulnerability to threats/hazards and cope with disasters?
A. Emergency management
B. Preparedness management
C. Risk management
D. Incident management
4. The Whole Community concept means that residents, emergency management practitioners, organization and community leaders, and government officials:
A. Rely on the expertise and resources of the Federal Government to rebuild their communities in a safer, stronger way following a disaster.
B. Work together to assess the needs of their respective communities and determine the best ways to organize and strengthen their assets, capacities, and interests.
C. Prioritize which members of the community will receive assistance if response and recovery resources are limited.
D. Become self-reliant in responding to disaster so that they will not need to request assistance through mutual aid or other means.
5. Categorizing, by capability, the resources requested, deployed, and used in incidents is referred to as:
A. Resource classifying
B. Resource typing
C. Resource grouping
D. Resource cataloging
6. What level of government has direct responsibility for the safety of its residents and direct knowledge of the situation and accompanying resource requirements?
A. State government
B. Local and tribal government
C. Regional government
D. Federal Government
7. The emergency operations plan is a key component of an emergency management program that:
A. Establishes the overall authority, roles, and functions performed during incidents.
B. Serves primarily as a budgeting document for acquiring emergency management resources.
C. Is required in order for a jurisdiction to receive Federal assistance with mitigation initiatives.
D. Provides standard operating procedures for responding to specific types of incidents.
8. Mission areas are comprised of the capabilities required for executing a function at any time (before, during, or after an incident) and across all threats and hazards. Four of the five preparedness mission areas are: Prevention, Protection, Response, and Recovery. Which is the fifth mission area?
A. Mitigation
B. Readiness
C. Planning
D. Preparation
9. In 1952, President Truman issued Executive Order 10427, which emphasized that Federal disaster assistance was intended to supplement, not supplant, the resources of State, local, tribal, and private-sector organizations. Today`s emergency management system supports the premise that disasters are best managed at the lowest possible governmental level, and that Federal assistance supports and does not direct these efforts.
A. True
B. False
10. What type of measures considers ways to reduce consequences together with the overall risk from specific threats and other community goals?
A. Response
B. Mitigation
C. Readiness
D. Prevention
11. Select the TRUE statement:
A. Recovery efforts are most effective when jurisdictions wait until responders have completed all response activities.
B. The primary focus of recovery is on the restoration of physical structures rather than returning economic and business activities to a healthy state.
C. Recovery is primarily a responsibility of local government. Therefore, the Federal Government provides very limited assistance for recovery under the Stafford Act.
D. Long-term recovery can take months or years because it is a complex process of revitalizing homes, businesses, public infrastructure, and the community`s economy and restoring quality of life.
12. Which part of the emergency operations plan includes the Purpose, Scope, Situation Overview, Assumptions, Concept of Operations, and Organization and Assignment of Responsibilities?
A. Basic Plan
B. Annexes
C. Appendixes
D. Executive
13. Under the Stafford Act:
A. The Federal Government may provide unlimited Federal assistance to jurisdictions.
B. The Secretary of Homeland Security is responsibility for coordinating Government response efforts.
C. The FEMA Administrator may assume the authorities of local, tribal, and State authorities on a temporary basis.
D. The President may designate an incident as either an “emergency” or a “major disaster.”
14. The local emergency manager has the responsibility for coordinating emergency management programs and activities. A local emergency manager is responsible for all of the following activities EXCEPT FOR:
A. Coordinating the planning process and working cooperatively with response partners.
B. Identifying and analyzing the potential impacts of hazards that threaten the jurisdiction.
C. Developing an Incident Action Plan that specifies tactics for first responders.
D. Managing resources before, during, and after a major emergency or disaster.
15. Integrated emergency management is:
A. Used only during times of disasters and should not be integrated into the daily decision making process within a jurisdiction.
B. Intended to create an organizational culture that is critical to achieving unity of effort between all stakeholders.
C. A new concept to ensure that jurisdictions are prepared to response to human-caused incidents, such as terrorist attacks.
D. A detailed methodology used when needed to manage complex incidents that are beyond a jurisdiction`s capability.
16. Which of the following presents an integrated set of guidance, programs, and processes that enables the whole community to meet the National Preparedness Goal.
A. Community Response System
B. State Training and Exercise System
C. National Preparedness System
D. Incident Command System
17. Comprehensive Preparedness Guides 101 and 201 provide:
A. A fill-in-the-blank template for developing community-based emergency operations plans that applies to all jurisdictions.
B. Minimum requirements for credentialing local, tribal, and State emergency operations programs and personnel.
C. Instructions and examples to help jurisdictions complete common forms used within the Incident Command System.
D. Flexible decision aids, tools, and templates that jurisdictions can use to assist with the development and integration of plans.
18. Select the FALSE statement:
A. Mutual aid agreements and assistance agreements with neighboring jurisdictions can be important to ensuring that adequate resources are available to address an emergency.
B. The Incident Command System features provide a standard way of managing on-scene tactical operations.
C. Pre-emergency purchase and storage of perishable items is the most cost-effective strategy for ensuring needed emergency supplies will be on hand.
D. Standardized resource management systems help ensure that the needed resources will be available.
19. Local elected or appointed officials:
A. Should be present at the Incident Command Post to direct the first responders in executing tactical operations.
B. Conduct a preliminary damage assessment and submit documentation to FEMA requesting a Federal disaster declaration.
C. Delegate responsibility for emergency management and typically are not involved in the incident response and recovery.
D. May need to help shape or modify laws, policies, and budgets to aid preparedness efforts and to improve emergency management and response capabilities.
20. One key function of Emergency Operations Center (EOC) personnel is to:
A. Ensure that the Incident Commander has needed resources (i.e., personnel, tools, and equipment).
B. Assume chain of command for all personnel working at the incident scene.
C. Establish the optimal span of control for supervising responders.
D. Determine tactical objectives and direction for managing the incident.
21. Select the FALSE statement from below:
A. Nongovernmental organizations often provide sheltering, emergency food supplies, counseling services, and other vital support services to support response and promote the recovery of disaster survivors.
B. Individuals and families can contribute by reducing hazards in and around their homes developing a preparedness plan and assembling emergency supplies.
C. Nonprofit organizations often have a commitment to the specific set of interests and values of their members, and therefore should be excluded from emergency management planning efforts.
D. Jurisdictions must work closely with private-sector entities that provide water, power, communications networks, transportation, medical care, security, and numerous other services.
22. States delegate authority to their sub-units of government (including counties, municipalities, towns or townships, and villages). This delegation creates local autonomy and limits the degree of State influence in local affairs. What is the term used to describe this delegation?
A. Limits of power
B. Home rule
C. Self-governance
D. Jurisdictional autonomy
23. The optimum time to communicate an emergency operations plan to responsible personnel and response organization is during an incident.
A. True
B. False
24. Specific areas of authority and responsibilities for emergency management should be clearly stated in local ordinances and laws. These ordinances and laws should specify a specific line of succession for elected officials and require that departments of government establish lines of succession.
A. True
B. False
25. What capabilities focus on saving lives, protecting property and the environment, and meeting basic human needs and begin when an incident is imminent or immediately after an event occurs?
A. Response
B. Recovery
C. Rescue
D. Readiness

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