Government

A presidential election, in America, constitutes two results: the
electoral and the popular vote. The popular vote constitutes the
voters’ choice for the vice president and president while the
electoral vote constitutes the electors’ choice electors are
political party representatives. The electoral vote acts as the chief
deciding vote for vice president and president, which is in accordance
with the constitution (Shea, 2007). In order to get the electoral vote,
political parties select their popular party candidates, who usually has
a strong attachment with the party presidential candidate the process
of selecting electors is different depending on state. After winning the
electoral vote, these electors vote for their own party presidential
candidate.
One of the chief advantages of the electoral college is that it
influences the manner in which campaigns are run. It takes a campaign
into state by state battlefields. In case the electoral college was not
there, candidates would probably ignore rural areas and concentrate on
the media so as to obtain a maximum number of voters (Shea, 2007). On
the other hand, the electoral college bars true democracy through
limiting the number of political parties that are capable of competing
in presidential elections. Besides, the electoral college permits
candidates to take states for granted, if voters in those states
consistently vote for one party in national elections. Therefore, the
current electoral college process should be changed.
The electoral college system may work without formally abolishing it,
but through changing the manner in which the system works. A proposal to
such a change would be proportional representation. In such a system,
the citizens would vote for parties, which present the electorate with
their platforms. After the election, the parties become awarded with the
number of seats proportional to the votes that they earn. It is after
this that the parliament can select the executives (DeLaney, 2011).
Although the electoral college helps in the representation of the
minority, it is not democratic enough since political parties with an
interest of flagging a presidential candidate may not do so since many
parties fielding a presidential candidate are likely to lose in the
electoral votes (DeLaney, 2011). Therefore, many parties participating
are likely to become spoilers of the election. The electoral college may
end up presenting a president that majority voters do not want on the
basis of his incapacity to lead.
References
DeLaney, A. (2011). Politics For Dummies. New York : Wiley & Sons.
Shea, T. (2007). America`s Electoral College: Choosing the President,
comparing and analyzing charts, graphs, and tables. New York: Rosen Pub.
Group`s PowerKids Press.
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