Future Weapons-Annotated Bibliography

Future Weapons-Annotated Bibliography
Army Technology.com. (11/02/2011). “21st- century Camouflage” Army
Technology.com. New York: Net Resources International. ( HYPERLINK
“http://www.armytechnology.com/features/feature109521/”
http://www.armytechnology.com/features/feature109521/ ). Retrieved
15/11/2013.website
Nano Camouflage suits
The purpose of this technology is to make soldiers invisible in plain
sight while at war for safety and precision purposes. Canada’s CADPAT
is the most effective due to its ability to mimic the texture, dappling,
and irregular boundaries that occur in nature. The idea is to make a
person invisible by blending with nature. The latest technology has been
the ability, to easily change colors like chameleons, depending in the
surrounding. The technology uses protein molecules, which power the
system by turning the devices in use off and on based on the need. The
technology used is nanotechnology, and biomimicry, which alter the
appearance of an object of a person for purposes of camouflage (Army
Technology.com, 2011). The methodology used is qualitative
Bame, M. (2013). “Micro Aerial Vehicles” About.com. Defense. United
States: About.com. ( HYPERLINK
“http://defense.about.com/od/Innovate-Air/a/Micro-Aerial-Vehicles.htm”
http://defense.about.com/od/Innovate-Air/a/Micro-Aerial-Vehicles.htm ).
Retrieved 15/11/2013. Website.
MAV’s (micro air vehicles)
This is an unmanned aerial vehicle that can fly over a specific combat
area especially those areas that are inaccessible by ground vehicles.
The MAVs enable users to observation of chemical and biological weapons,
in addition to surveillance. The first MAV was the Black widow which
could fly up to 800m above the ground for thirty minutes and gather
information which it would transmit to a station. The latest is the
T-Hawk which is used, in Iraq to detect IEDs and monitor ambushes by
insurgents (Bame, 2013). The methodology used is qualitative.
In the future, the MAV’s are meant to be lighter, have higher flying
times, longer ranges, advanced communication capabilities, and ability
to track movements by enemies. These are meant to improve their
efficiency in battle. So far, MAVs have been very useful in gathering
intelligence mainly because of their small sizes which makes them almost
undetectable. Thus, they have been useful in war because the information
gathered is useful in strategizing attacks on enemies (Bame, 2013).
Crane, D. (2005). “New DREAD Weapon- Devastating, Jam- proof, and
Silent” DefenseRevier.com. United States: DefenseReview.com. (
HYPERLINK “http://www.rense.com/general65/dread.htm”
http://www.rense.com/general65/dread.htm ). Magazine. Retrieved
15/11/2013.
DREAD Weapon System
This is a modern day firearm that has the capability to spin out one
hundred and twenty thousand rounds per minute at eight thousand feet per
minute. This firearm is also jam-proof it uses no gun powder, and it
has no recoil. It uses electrical energy instead of gun powder, and this
gives it superiority over many other varieties. The firearm is also
superior because it is silent and has no flash. This means that one can
ambush an enemy with precision and quickly subdue him. It is also
capable of firing .50 caliber and 308 caliber metal projectiles with
accuracy and precision (Crane, 2005).
Additionally, the DREAD can be mounted on any military car of aircraft
and has a magazine capacity of 10,000 rounds of .50 Caliber ammunition
or 5,000 rounds of .308 Caliber ammunition. The firearm is also easy to
carry because it only weighs twenty eight pounds and it is forty inches
long, three inches high and thirty two inches wide (Crane, 2005). It is
also electronically charged and thus, jam- free. This makes it a very
versatile weapon because it is easy to subdue the enemy before he gets
time to respond. This efficiency makes it almost casualty- free. The
methodology in use is a critical analysis.
FAS. (30/08/2012). “CBU-97/CBU-105 Sensor Fuzed Weapon BLU-108/B
Submunition” FAS. United States: FAS. ( HYPERLINK
“http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/dumb/cbu-97.htm”
http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/dumb/cbu-97.htm ). Website. Retrieved
15/11/2013.
CBU-97 Sensor Fuzed Weapon Cluster Bomb
This is a weapon that has sensor-fuzed submunitions that are capable of
attacking armor. The weapon can be deployed, from a distance of 200 feet
above the ground at speeds of 250 to 650knots. The idea is to attack the
largest surface area with one strike for efficiency purposes. The
submunitions are fitted with projectiles that can penetrate armor. The
projectiles have infrared capabilities that are able to detect armored
targets (FAS, 2012). The infrared detects armors through the heat energy
produced and hits the target with precision, causing it to explode. If
the projectiles do not detect any armor within a set period of time,
they self-destruct to reduce chances of unexploded weapons on the
ground. The methodology used is qualitative.
Kerber, R. (24/10/2004). “Ray gun, Sci-fi Staple, meets reality”
Boston.com. Boston: Boston Globe Media Partners, LLC. ( HYPERLINK
“http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2004/09/24/ray_gun_sci_fi_st
aple_meets_reality/”
http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2004/09/24/ray_gun_sci_fi_sta
ple_meets_reality/ ). Magazine. Retrieved 15/11/2013.
Active Denial System- ray gun
This is a military technology that uses electromagnetic waves to hit
people, making them feel as if they are catching fire. This technology
is useful for protecting innocent civilians from harm by firepower. It
can be fired from a distance of 500 meters, making it effective to use
from a safe distance (Kerber, 2004). The gun is mainly for neutralizing
enemies by weakening them, and making them drop their weapons. The gun
can be mounted on airplanes, ships, and helicopter. The waves can
penetrate any kind of clothing, making it very effective although it
cannot penetrate surfaces. The methodology used is a critical analysis.
Kopp, C., SMAIAA., MIEEE., PEng. (May 2008). “High Energy Laser
Directed Energy Weapons” Air Power Australia. Australia: Air power
Australia. ( HYPERLINK
“http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-DEW-HEL-Analysis.html”
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-DEW-HEL-Analysis.html ). Journal.
Retrieved 15/11/2013
US Navy Laser attack weapon/ Laws direct energy weapon
The US navy plans to roll out the Laser attack weapon which is
projected to be capable of destroying surveillance drones and disabling
small enemy vessels. This will utilize directed laser energy with
precision, reducing chances of unintended damage. The laser attack
weapon is capable of destroying a moving target and this makes it more
efficient than a drone or missile. The weapon uses electric energy, and
it is safe for the navy because it negates the need to carry explosives
at sea, which can be dangerous (Kopp et al., 2008). This system is said
to be rolled out by the US Navy in 2014. The laser directed system is
efficient and precise, making it effective and safe to use. The
methodology used is critical analysis.
Lockheed Martin Corporation (US). (2013). F-35 Lightning II. United
States: Lockheed Martin Corporation. ( HYPERLINK “https://www.f35.com/”
https://www.f35.com/ ). Website. Retrieved 15/11/2013.
F-35
This is a fifth generation weapon with additional capabilities of
landing anywhere. It has three variations F-35A, B, and C. Each
variation has its own special capabilities and thus, different
advantages. The variations are also mission- specific, enabling the
military to perform different actions on one mission. The F-35 has
strong capabilities of meeting military needs across different terrains,
and this flexibility makes it very versatile and war- friendly. The F-
35 is also said to be economically friendly due to its wide
capabilities, which makes it a one stop base for many operations
(Lockheed Martin Corporation, 2013).
To begin with, the F-35 is easily able to evade radar detection and
thus, it can enter any air space without detection. The weapon has
active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar technology makes
detection almost impossible. The craft can also carry weapons, and this
enables it to hit ground targets with precision, clearing the way for
other attacks. This makes a mission safer for the fighters, and it
subdues the targets quickly and accurately. The weapon is also well
adapted to air- to- air strikes due to its ability to maneuver with
efficient speed combined with sensors, weapons, and information systems.
This combination with its inability to be detected by radar makes it
easy to detect enemy jets and quickly neutralize them before they can
spot the F- 35 (Lockheed Martin Corporation, 2013).
The integrated sensors also enable it to gather intelligence and
conduct surveillance due to its sound data capturing capabilities. It is
the most efficient fighter craft in history as it gives the pilot real
time ground information within a radius of 360 degree. This, combined
with its sensors and information systems enables the aircraft to gather
information in real time from around the world. This information can
then be safely shared with ground, air and sea troops making operations
safe and precise.
The craft’s electronic system also enables it to jam an enemy’s
radio communication systems. This enables the F-35 reach enemy targets
and suppresses any radar that threatens it. This advanced technology
makes the F-35 very crucial in battle due to its ability to gather
intelligence and share it safely with other forces. The coordinated
intelligence- gathering capabilities make it safe and to use and reach
enemy targets before it is detected. Thus, it is a superior modern
weapon because of its efficiency and multiple capabilities. The
methodology used is quantitative analysis.
Oestergaard, J, K. (31/07/2013). “Prime Contractor: About the Small
Diameter Bomb” Aerospace and Defense Intelligence Report. United
States: Barr Group Aerospace. ( HYPERLINK
“http://www.bga-aeroweb.com/Defense/Small-Diameter-Bomb.html”
http://www.bga-aeroweb.com/Defense/Small-Diameter-Bomb.html ). Website.
Retrieved 15/11/2013.
GBU- 39
This is fighter jet that fires the small diameter bomb that is deployed
with precision on a specific target by fighters and bombers. These jets
are used on fixed targets, and they carry four 250-pound bombs at a
time. They are uses to destroy stationary ground targets due to their
swiftness and small size (Oestergaard, 2013). These are preferable to
their predecessors because of their precision. The jets are used for
remote targets especially those that are hard to hit. They are a high
military breakthrough because of their swiftness and precision which
reduces the likelihood of unintended damages. The methodology used is
critical analysis.
Missile Threat. (9/04/2013). “AGM- 158A/-B (JASSM/ JASSM- ER)”
Missile Threat. United Kingdom: Missile Threat. ( HYPERLINK
“http://missilethreat.com/missiles/agm-158a-b-jassmjassm-er/”
http://missilethreat.com/missiles/agm-158a-b-jassmjassm-er/ ). Website.
Retrieved 15/11/2013.
JASSM Cruise missile
It is a guided cruise missile that is designed to attack defended
targets without being hit by ground missiles. It uses infrared
technology to guide it to a target by blasting warheads at high speeds.
Their main targets are air defenses, and the purpose is to clear the way
for manned aircrafts. Their biggest advantage is their low profile air
flame which makes them safe from air defense systems. This weapon is
used in combination with other weapons and for general air safety due to
increased air defense systems. Thus, it increases air strike safety
(Missile Threat, 2013). The methodology used is quantitative analysis.
Peck, B, S. (6/04/2013). “The U.S. Navy Rides the Rail” American
Thinker. United States: American Thinker 2013. ( HYPERLINK
“http://www.americanthinker.com/2013/04/the_us_navy_rides_the_rail.html”
http://www.americanthinker.com/2013/04/the_us_navy_rides_the_rail.html
). Journal. Retrieved 15/11/2013.
US Navy Rail Gun
This is a launcher that is commonly used by the navy to destroy enemy
encampments, opposing crafts, land batteries, and ballistic and
shipborne missiles. It uses electromagnetic energy in firing shells at a
speed that is seven times faster than the speed of sound. Its biggest
advantage is the elimination of the need to have explosives on board
ships, which is dangerous to the navy. Thus, it first and foremost
ensures the safety of the navy. Additionally, it can be loaded onto a
ship while at sea, and this reduces time wastage. It also has the
capability to hold seventy magazines, thereby enabling a ship to stay in
the frontline for longer periods for sustained assault (Peck, 2013).
The Rail Gun can be engaged from a safe distance and at a faster speed,
making it very safe and efficient. The speed is especially very
important for sustained assault as the enemy has little time to engage.
This has been very useful to the military especially because it is
capable of being reloaded while at sea, giving enemies little time to
recover from an assault. The future is to enable it to enable it to fire
six to ten rounds every minute, to facilitate better attacks (Peck,
2013). The methodology used is qualitative.
Reed, J. (28/11/2011). “Navy’s Second Stealthy X-47B Drone Flies”
DefenseTech. United States: Military Advantage. ( HYPERLINK
“http://defensetech.org/2011/11/28/second-x-47b-uav-flies/#more-15485”
http://defensetech.org/2011/11/28/second-x-47b-uav-flies/#more-15485 ).
Website. Retrieved 15/11/2013.
X- 47B
This is a tailless unmanned aircraft. It is designed to perform carrier
duties. Its biggest advantage is its ability to pass through well
defended areas. It also has the capability of landing on just about any
surface especially due to its small size and light weight. The X- 47B is
mainly used by the military for ferrying supplies to vessels that are at
sea as quickly as possible. This makes navy activities more efficient as
it negates the need to go back to shore for more supplies. Thus, it is a
complementary weapon to the navy (Reed, 2011). The methodology used is
quantitative analysis.
Springer, P, J. (2013). Military Robots and Drones. California:
ABC-CLIO. Book.
Modular Advanced Armed Robotic Systems (MAARS robots) are replacing the
Special Weapons Observation Reconnaissance Detection System (SWORDS)
robots
The SWORDS robot is a weaponised robot that is deployed on the ground
and has the capability of using multiple arms. It has the capability of
shooting with precision. It is remote- controlled for firing and aiming
from a distance of up to 100m away using infrared technology. It can
also be used to neutralize grenades. It has not been very popular in the
battlefield, and the US army has only used three of them in battle. Its
biggest advantage is the low maintenance required due to destruction
because it is hard to destroy (Springer, 2013).
MAARS are unmanned ground robotic vehicles designed for target
acquisition, surveillance, and reconnaissance. This robot is capable of
being used in front lines to increase security of military men, in front
lines. It has multiple onboard day and night cameras, a speaker system,
motion detectors, a hostile fire detection system, and an acoustic
microphone. In addition, it has audio deterrents, non-lethal laser
dazzlers and less-than-lethal grenades, medium machine guns, and grenade
launchers (Springer, 2013). All these features make it more accurate to
control and hit targets. The robot’s features of cameras and
microphones make it very efficient and easy to use. Due to these
features that reduce chances of unintended casualties, it is becoming
more popular than the SWORD. The methodology used is critical analysis.
Schank, J. (2005). Modernizing the U.S. Aircraft Carrier Fleet:
Accelerating CVN 21 Production Versus Mid-Life Refueling. Santa Monica:
Rand Corporation. Book.
CVN 78 Ford class carrier
This is a navy aircraft carrier that has more efficient electromagnetic
arrestors and requires fewer crew members to operate. It also has
improved aircraft launchers to improve on speed and precision. It is
also capable of launching a total of ninety aircraft due to its huge
capacity. The carrier has a small nuclear reactor on board which enables
it, to adequately supply the increased demand for power on board
efficiently. It also has remote tracking radar systems and can thus
detect any enemy vessel within its radius. (Schank, 2005).
The main aim of improved weaponry is to improve efficiency and reduce
military casualties. The other idea is to reduce the probability of
hitting unintended targets by increasing precision levels. Thus reduces
conflicts that arise as a result of civilian deaths. Thus, the main
purpose is to have as minimal collateral damage as possible through
improved technologies. Thus, the accelerated innovation is aimed at
improving military activities. This improvement in technology has also
reduced the economic cost of military activities. The methodology used
is qualitative analysis.
Tarantola, A. (6/07/2011). “The Future of Armored Defense is a Molten
Metal Forcefield” Gizmodo. United States: Gizmodo. ( HYPERLINK
“http://gizmodo.com/5809235/the-future-of-armored-defense-is-a-molten-me
tal-forcefield”
http://gizmodo.com/5809235/the-future-of-armored-defense-is-a-molten-met
al-forcefield ). Magazine. Retrieved 15/11/2013.
Force field (trophy)
This is an armored defense technology that protects armored vehicles
from destruction by firearms and propelled explosives. This armored
defense carrier has an active protection system (APS), which protects it
from attack by small firearms and propelled explosives such as grenade.
It does this through sensors that can detect an incoming threat and
calculate the threat, then deploy systems to destroy or neutralize the
threat (Tarantola, 2011). Following the neutralization of the threat,
the tank then fires molten metal that destroys anything along its path
in a matter of seconds.
Its biggest advantage is its capability to destroy any anti- tank-
rockets or anti- tank-missile regardless of the distance, weather, or
landscape. Thus, it is a versatile system which can also destroy
multiple threats at the same time. This system protects armored vehicles
from attack making it safe to enter a warzone with guaranteed
protection. Thus, ground troop can engage enemies from their battle
zones comfortably. The methodology used is qualitative analysis.
World Guns. (2013). “Alliant Techsystems / Heckler-Koch XM-29 SABR /
OICW assault rifle (USA)” World Guns. Modern Firearms, Assault
riffles. United States: World Guns. ( HYPERLINK
“http://world.guns.ru/assault/usa/xm29-oicw-e.html”
http://world.guns.ru/assault/usa/xm29-oicw-e.html ). Website. Retrieved
15/11/2013.
XM29 gun
This is a firearm with a combination of capabilities. It has the twenty
millimeter semi- automatic, and a magazine- fed grenade launching
component as its basic component. Its secondary component is a 5.56mm
compact assault rifle. These components are assembled into one portable
unit for a single person. The grenade launcher is gas operated and can
launch twenty Millimeter grenades at a range of 1000 meters, accurately.
The firearm also has a detachable magazine box and optics for
flexibility based on the purpose. The optical part was also computerized
with an additional 6x magnification capability which enabled the user to
have high level tactical capabilities, which were not in previous
versions (World Guns, 2013). The methodology used is critical analysis.
The XM29 gun’s target acquisition/ fire control system (TA/FCS) is
the most significant because it combines day and night vision and has a
computerized communication system. This technology is also friendly to
any weather conditions it can calculate the distance of a target
accurately, and this makes it possible to aim at a target with
precision, reducing the possibility of hitting an unintended target
(World Guns, 2013). This, gun is, however, yet to be accepted due to its
weight, and reliability of electronic components.
References
Army Technology.com. (11/02/2011). “21st- century Camouflage” Army
Technology.com. New York: Net Resources International. ( HYPERLINK
“http://www.armytechnology.com/features/feature109521/”
http://www.armytechnology.com/features/feature109521/ ). Website.
Retrieved 15/11/2013.
Bame, M. (2013). “Micro Aerial Vehicles” About.com. Defense. United
States: About.com. ( HYPERLINK
“http://defense.about.com/od/Innovate-Air/a/Micro-Aerial-Vehicles.htm”
http://defense.about.com/od/Innovate-Air/a/Micro-Aerial-Vehicles.htm ).
Website. Retrieved 15/11/2013.
Crane, D. (2005). “New DREAD Weapon- Devastating, Jam- proof, and
Silent” DefenseRevier.com. United States: DefenseReview.com. (
HYPERLINK “http://www.rense.com/general65/dread.htm”
http://www.rense.com/general65/dread.htm ). Magazine. Retrieved
15/11/2013.
FAS. (30/08/2012). “CBU-97/CBU-105 Sensor Fuzed Weapon BLU-108/B
Submunition” FAS. United States: FAS. ( HYPERLINK
“http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/dumb/cbu-97.htm”
http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/dumb/cbu-97.htm ). Website. Retrieved
15/11/2013.
Kerber, R. (24/10/2004). “Ray gun, Sci-fi Staple, meets reality”
Boston.com. Boston: Boston Globe Media Partners, LLC. ( HYPERLINK
“http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2004/09/24/ray_gun_sci_fi_st
aple_meets_reality/”
http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2004/09/24/ray_gun_sci_fi_sta
ple_meets_reality/ ). Magazine. Retrieved 15/11/2013.
Kopp, C., SMAIAA., MIEEE., PEng. (May 2008). “High Energy Laser
Directed Energy Weapons” Air Power Australia. Australia: Air power
Australia. ( HYPERLINK
“http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-DEW-HEL-Analysis.html”
http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-DEW-HEL-Analysis.html ). Journal.
Retrieved 15/11/2013
Lockheed Martin Corporation (US). (2013). F-35 Lightning II. United
States: Lockheed Martin Corporation. ( HYPERLINK “https://www.f35.com/”
https://www.f35.com/ ). Website. Retrieved 15/11/2013.
Missile Threat. (9/04/2013). “AGM- 158A/-B (JASSM/ JASSM- ER)”
Missile Threat. United Kingdom: Missile Threat. ( HYPERLINK
“http://missilethreat.com/missiles/agm-158a-b-jassmjassm-er/”
http://missilethreat.com/missiles/agm-158a-b-jassmjassm-er/ ). Website.
Retrieved 15/11/2013.
Oestergaard, J, K. (31/07/2013). “Prime Contractor: About the Small
Diameter Bomb” Aerospace and Defense Intelligence Report. United
States: Barr Group Aerospace. ( HYPERLINK
“http://www.bga-aeroweb.com/Defense/Small-Diameter-Bomb.html).Website”
http://www.bga-aeroweb.com/Defense/Small-Diameter-Bomb.html).Website .
Retrieved 15/11/2013.
Peck, B, S. (6/04/2013). “The U.S. Navy Rides the Rail” American
Thinker. United States: American Thinker 2013. ( HYPERLINK
“http://www.americanthinker.com/2013/04/the_us_navy_rides_the_rail.html”
http://www.americanthinker.com/2013/04/the_us_navy_rides_the_rail.html
). Journal. Retrieved 15/11/2013.
Reed, J. (28/11/2011). “Navy’s Second Stealthy X-47B Drone Flies”
DefenseTech. United States: Military Advantage. ( HYPERLINK
“http://defensetech.org/2011/11/28/second-x-47b-uav-flies/#more-15485”
http://defensetech.org/2011/11/28/second-x-47b-uav-flies/#more-15485 ).
Website. Retrieved 15/11/2013.
Schank, J. (2005). Modernizing the U.S. Aircraft Carrier Fleet:
Accelerating CVN 21 Production Versus Mid-Life Refueling. Santa Monica:
Rand Corporation
Springer, P, J. (2013). Military Robots and Drones. California:
ABC-CLIO.
Tarantola, A. (6/07/2011). “The Future of Armored Defense is a Molten
Metal Forcefield” Gizmodo. United States: Gizmodo. ( HYPERLINK
“http://gizmodo.com/5809235/the-future-of-armored-defense-is-a-molten-me
tal-forcefield”
http://gizmodo.com/5809235/the-future-of-armored-defense-is-a-molten-met
al-forcefield ). Magazine. Retrieved 15/11/2013.
World Guns. (2013). “Alliant Techsystems / Heckler-Koch XM-29 SABR /
OICW assault rifle (USA)” World Guns. Modern Firearms, Assault
riffles. United States: World Guns. HYPERLINK
“http://world.guns.ru/assault/usa/xm29-oicw-e.html”
http://world.guns.ru/assault/usa/xm29-oicw-e.html ). Website. Retrieved
15/11/2013.
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