Diabetes in Elder People and Community Health Nurse

Community health describes a field of public health that is concerned
with the study and improvement of the health characteristics of
communities. Community health focuses on geographical areas rather than
individuals with shared characteristics. On the other hand, public
health involves the art and science of preventing diseases, prolonging
and enhancing health via efforts and informed choices of organizations,
society, individuals and communities (Fitzgerald, 2006). Public health
is usually concerned with top health that is based on population health
analysis. There are various differences between public and community
health. One of the differences is that community health involves
physicians and other health professionals in a certain community while
public health involves the health of the entire nation. Besides,
community health protects the health of individuals in a given community
while public health seeks to protect the health of every individual
(Porche, 2004). In addition, public health offers free health care to
people while community health ensures water, food and the environment is
healthy for a given community.
Diabetes is a chronic disease, which occurs when an individual has too
much glucose in the blood since the body is not in the capacity of
producing insulin or the body may not be sin a position of utilizing
insulin properly. Diabetes falls under two categories type 1 and type 2
diabetes. Diabetes in Australia has been a common disease among the
elder population. According to a study carried out by AusDiab,
researchers found out that the incidence of diabetes is exceedingly high
among the Australian adults the study found out that approximately 270
Australians adults are diagnosed to have diabetes in a day. This implies
that the population of adults having diabetes in Australia is still
high. One of the contributing factors for the rising rates of diabetes
in Australian adults is the lack of physical exercises in a day.
According to the research, most adults do not engage in physical
exercises due to ignorance or because of their occupation. The following
data shows the prevalence of diabetes in adults compared to other age
groups the data indicates that the population of adults was mostly
affected by diabetes within the time range.
“http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/[email protected]/0/D4F2A67B76B06C12CA257AA30014B
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/[email protected]/0/D4F2A67B76B06C12CA257AA30014BC
The adult population, in Australia, can have the intervention of
community health in an attempt to reduce the number of adults that have
diabetes. The community health can intervene through having education
programs in different parts of Australia. The education should focus on
educating the local communities on the need of having physical exercises
in order to mitigate the rate of diabetes in the local communities
(Porche, 2004). Apart from physical exercises, the population based
community health can help in reducing the rate of adult individuals
having diabetes through educating the community on how to maintain a
balanced diet that can aid in preventing diabetes since eating habit is
also a chief contributor to diabetes. Mostly, in the rural areas, which
have the highest percentage of adults having diabetes, the community
health nurses will be in a position to interact and engage with the
population having diabetes.
It is ethical for community health professionals to intervene in helping
the local people. For instance, educating the elderly people about
diabetes is an ethical issue since it follows the ethical requirements
of community health nurses of protecting communities from health
problems that can lead to death (Colagiuri et al, 2002). Therefore,
application of professionalism by the community health officers is a
vital aspect that they should apply.
Fitzgerald, J. (2006). Lobbying in Australia: You can`t expect anything
to change if you don`t speak up. Dural, N.S.W: Rosenberg.
Colagiuri, S., Diabetes Australia., Eli Lilly Australia., Australian
Centre for Diabetes Strategies., & M-TAG (Medical Technology Assessment
Group). (2002). DiabCo$t Australia: Assessing the burden of type 2
diabetes in Australia. Australia: Australian Centre for Diabetes
Porche, D. J. (2004). Public & community health nursing practice: A
population-based approach. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

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