Alcoholism (Name)

(Institution)
(Name of the Instructor)
(Date)
Cooper, M. L. (2002). Alcohol use and risky sexual behavior among college students and youth: Evaluating the evidence, Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, (14), 101.
Alcohol use among college students is ever increasing. The factors that lead to students drinking behaviors are diverse. Alcohol drinking has been associated with casual sex, group sex, and even rape incidences with college students. The problem poses risk to students contracting deadly sexually transmitted infections including HIV and AIDS.
The article is of importance to my topic as it identifies the consequences of college drinking as far as sexual behaviors are concerned.
Edenberg, H. J. (2012). Genes Contributing to the Development of Alcoholism, Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, 34 (3), pp. 336-8.
Alcoholism can sometimes be as a result to genetic inheritance. Some gene variations are known to cause alcoholism and can be passed from generation to generation. These genes risk factors represent a significant proportion of people with alcoholism. This study sought to identify genes associated with alcoholism using family studies alongside case control. In addition, the study uses various strategies including candidate gene studies and genome-wide association researches. The most influential effect established during the study for specific gene variation encode involve two main enzymes involved in alcohol metabolism. They include aldehyde dehydrogenase and alcohol dehydrogenase. Several other gene variations are also known to have minor effect on alcoholism.
The article is important to my topic as it tries to explain the problem of alcoholism in a genetic perspective. Alcoholism can be cause by gene variation which will bring to the understanding of the problem.
Field C.A, Klimas J., Barry J., Bury G., Keenan E., Smyth B.P. et al. (2013). Problem alcohol use among problem drug users in primary care: A qualitative study of what patients think about screening and treatment, BMC Family Practice, 14, pp. 98.
Problem alcohol use is a major challenge in the care of drug addicts. Primary care givers play an important role in addressing this problem through screening and treatment. However the great hindrances identified by alcoholics revealed that poor relationship between health practitioners and patients plays a great role in enhancing screening and treatment of alcohol problem among drug addicts. Besides, primary care givers are responsible for managing of problem alcohol use.
This article is important to my topic because it provides an insight on the role of health practitioners in helping alcohol problem in problem drug users. The challenges identified are important in screening and treatment of this group.
Hingson, R. W., Heeren, T., Zakocs, R. C., Kopstein, A., & Wechsler, H. (2002). Magnitude of alcohol-related mortality and morbidity among US college students ages 18-24. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 63(2), 136.
High mortality and morbidity rates have been widely reported among college students. Drinking in colleges has seen innocent youths lose their lives in risky behavior including drunk driving and other forms of violence. Binge drinking being the norm in colleges increases the health risks of the drinkers in a significant way. Liver cirrhosis is one of the major problem that has also been associated with mortality among college drinkers.
This article is critical to my topic as it points out the mortality associated with alcoholism among college students.
Jurgen, R. (2011). The Risks Associated With Alcohol Use and Alcoholism, Alcohol Research & Health, 34 (2), p135-143.
Consumption of alcohol particularly excessive consumption of alcohol is associated with various health risks. It has been linked with more than 30 conditions including infectious diseases. Having knowledge on the risk factors that alcohol exposes a person to, opens an avenue to create a safe drinking guideline that can reduce these health problems. Besides, alcoholism and alcohol related problems extend beyond the individual. Alcohol affects the health of the drinker and others close to him thorough various ways, besides causing social harm to others and the drinker. This article`s findings are important to my topic as they help in establishing prevention measures to alcoholism, hence reducing the social and economic costs that this problem presents to the individual, family, society and the nation as a whole.
The article is important to my topic as it deals with the health problems associated with alcoholism.
Onciu, M. Iordache, A., Păcală, B. (2013). Legal and forensic issues for chronic alcoholism, ActaMedicaTransilvanica, 18 (2), pp. 309-311.
Alcohol availability and affordability have made it one of the most popular drug in the society. Year in year out, youths engage in alcohol drinking with the age of consumers decreasing significantly. The problem of alcoholism is a deep rooted one as determined genetically and or environmentally. The problem caused by alcohol affects the physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual status of both drinkers and their relatives through its bio-psycho-social and forensic implications.
The article is off great significance to my topic of alcoholism as it looks at the extent at which the problem affects the victims and their families.
Pradeep, R. J., Banu, S. and Ashok, M. (2010). Severity of alcoholism in Indian males: Correlation with age of onset and family history of alcoholism, Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 52 (3), pp. 243-249.
Severity of alcoholism is found to be highly related to family history of drinking and also the onset of drinking. Teenagers who start drinking early are at risk of becoming alcoholics that those who start drinking when mature. In this article, genetic information was included as it could have helped explain why the participants were alcoholics. It was revealed that, age of onset drinking was very much correlated with alcoholism that family history did.
This article is important to my topic as it provides knowledge on the risk factors that can lead to alcoholism, say early age of drinking.
Rayn, K. M. (2013). Drunk and Disorderly: The Origins and Consequences Alcoholism at Fort Hays, Kansas History, 36 (2), pp. 91-103.
The author focuses on alcoholism in the mid to late nineteenth century among soldiers at Fort Hays. The factors that contribute to alcoholism such as loneliness and boredom have been discussed. The ways in which soldiers used to obtain alcohol also contributes to their addiction. The soldiers obtained alcohol from saloons or on base. Effects of alcoholism have also been addressed in this article. At the time the consequences ranged from increased absenteeism, violence and desertion. The punishments that were inflicted on drunkards included solitary confinement, court martial, as well as forced labor.
This article is important to alcoholism topic as it gives a historic perspective of the problem. In addition it looks at the causes of alcoholism for soldiers in a base, the consequences and the punishments.
References
Cooper, M. L. (2002). Alcohol use and risky sexual behavior among college students and youth: Evaluating the evidence, Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, (14), 101.
Edenberg, H. J. (2012). Genes Contributing to the Development of Alcoholism, Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, 34 (3), pp. 336-8.
Field C.A, Klimas J., Barry J., Bury G., Keenan E., Smyth B.P. et al. (2013). Problem alcohol use among problem drug users in primary care: A qualitative study of what patients think about screening and treatment, BMC Family Practice, 14, pp. 98.
Hingson, R. W., Heeren, T., Zakocs, R. C., Kopstein, A., & Wechsler, H. (2002). Magnitude of alcohol-related mortality and morbidity among US college students ages 18-24. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 63(2), 136.
Jurgen, R. (2011). The Risks Associated With Alcohol Use and Alcoholism, Alcohol Research & Health, 34 (2), p135-143.
Onciu, M. Iordache, A., Păcală, B. (2013). Legal and forensic issues for chronic alcoholism, ActaMedicaTransilvanica, 18 (2), pp. 309-311.
Pradeep, R. J., Banu, S. and Ashok, M. (2010). Severity of alcoholism in Indian males: Correlation with age of onset and family history of alcoholism, Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 52 (3), pp. 243-249.
Rayn, K. M. (2013). Drunk and Disorderly: The Origins and Consequences Alcoholism at Fort Hays, Kansas History, 36 (2), pp. 91-103.

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