Abstracts for Research Studies in Nursing

Abstracts for Research Studies in Nursing
Research is a dynamic field and it application in nursing is essential
in understanding the discipline and gathering knowledge in the
profession. This paper will present an analysis review of articles in
terms of an abstract for each of the reviewed article. For each of the
article, this paper will identify the type of research the article is
and the research questions adopted in hypothesis. The discussion will
reveal the sample size and sample size as well as attributes. This paper
will disclose the researcher’s findings in addition to the setting
behind the research of the reviewed articles. This paper will present
each of the abstract will be presented in terms of objectives,
population and sample, studied variable, research setting and
methodology and conclude with findings.
Nursing Practice Ethical Issues
(Sara & Currier, 1999): Ethical Issues in Nursing Practice: How
Frequently They Occur and How Disturbing They Are.
Main objective of the research was to determine ethical issues that are
experienced in the nursing profession. The research also focused on the
frequency of ethical issues in registered nurses practices and the
distribution of nurses by the frequency of ethical issues.
The design used in the research is the descriptive survey design.
Population Sample
Registered nurses working in six states were the population of the
study. It involved six states in north east region of the US. To select
a sample, systematic random sampling was adopted which led to the use of
a 5% sample of the entire population (Sara & Currier, 1999).
Research Questions
The research adopted the following research questions: how frequent are
do ethical issues arise in nursing, and how disturbing are ethical
issues among registered nurses (Sara & Currier, 1999). The frequency of
nursing ethical issue was one variable being studied with the other
being the disturbance level of the issues. Demographic characteristics
in relation to the registered nurses were also studied in the research.
Research Setting and Methods
The researchers designed and piloted a survey tool and it satisfactorily
satisfied the researcher on psychometric properties of the Ethical
Issues Scale of the 35 item. Reliability of internal consistency relied
on three subscales (Sara & Currier, 1999). The research used two
mailings which were composed of a six page questionnaire full with a
cover letter. The research also included a self-addressed return
envelope that was stamped and sent to the identified sample of
registered nurses. They answered the questionnaires and mailed them back
with no cost as their postage was prepaid and pre-addressed.
A total of 1, 363 questionnaires were collected from registered nurses
who indicated their practice and areas of profession (Sara & Currier,
1999). These questionnaires were analyzed with five identified
classifications of the areas of practice of the responding nurses. The
areas of nursing Practice were identified as acute care involving 458
items, the long term care or gerontology involving 309 items, maternal
child health involving 283 items, the psychiatric area involving 162
items and community health involving 151 items.
The findings of the practice groups in demographics differed from that
of the entire sample in terms of education and gender. An issue that was
frequent was that of providing care at the risk of the RN`s health as
experienced by those in the acute care practice area as well as the
psychiatric or mental health area of RNs. Staffing patterns as an issue
that limited access to nursing care by patients was also frequently
experienced in all practice areas of the sample RN.
The findings from this research shows that a considerable numbers of RNs
frequently encountered ethical issues in their professional practices.
However, such experience differs considerably among nurses in clinical
practice areas compared to other areas of specialization. Therefore, the
frequency and levels of disturbance in ethical issues show that RNs need
ethics resources and support in their workplaces.
Nurses’ use Research in Clinical Practice
(Squires, et al 2011): To what extent do nurses use research in clinical
practice? A
systematic review
The objective of this research was to identify and systematically
analyze evidence available in relation to the extent to which registered
nurses use research findings in their practice. Over the years, there
have been developments in the concept of doing research and utilizing
the findings of such research. Despite having several studies on the
professional use of research by nurses in practice, there is no attempt
to systematically evaluate the content of research and synthesize the
literature in respect the field of practice of nurses.
The design used in the research is the quantitative survey design.
Population and Sample
In the study, 12,418 article titles were identified as the population to
be searched through several searches in the databases. From this
population, 133 articles were selected as a sample for further analysis
of the nurses’ use of research.
Research Questions
The question adopted for the research is: To what extent do nurses use
research in clinical practice? (Squires et al 2011).
Research Setting and Methods
This study involved a review of literature and a systematic review of
published material. The research strategy adopted for the research
included thirteen online bibliographic databases. These databases
included those of Controlled Trials and Systematic Reviews, Web of
Science, OCLC Papers First, ABI Inform and Sociological Abstracts among
others (Squires et al 2011). The criteria for inclusion were composed of
primary research reports for assessing the professional use of research
by nurses in practice. It also included the application of language
review such as use of English and native languages. The level of the use
of research was determined by allocating scores to research use as
reported in each of the reviewed article. The scores were allocated to
one of the classified four quartiles: high, moderate-high, moderate-low,
or low.
In the study, 12,418 titles of articles were identified through several
searches in the databases. Of this total, 133 articles were separated
for further analysis. Out of these articles, 55 of them satisfied the
selected inclusion criteria. The 55 final reports that were included
analyzed indicated cross-sectional survey with an item count of 51 and
the quasi-experimental had a count of 4 items of the designs (Squires et
al 2011). A sensitivity comparison of the findings from all the reports
with moderate-weak and moderate-strong levels as well as the strong
quality showed little inconsiderable differences. However, in majority
of the reviewed and analyzed articles identified a count of 38 nurses
which is 69% of the sample size, reported a moderate-high use of
According to the study, the use of research by nurses was identified to
be moderate-high which has been relatively consistent for over time up
to the early 2000`s. This means that there is an optimistic attitude of
the extent of the use of research by in their practice. The findings
present a clear necessity for development of measures for using research
in the practice of the nursing profession and regular evaluation of the
impact the use on patient outcomes.
Sara T. & Currier, S. (1999). Ethical Issues in Nursing Practice: How
Frequently They Occur
and How Disturbing They Are. Boston College Chestnut Hill
Squires1,J.E., et al (2011). To what extent do nurses use research in
clinical practice? A
systematic review. Implementation Science

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